Japan Academy of Gerontological Nursing
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Gerontological Nursing in Japan
History of Gerontological Nursing in Japan
  1. Developmental background of approaches for the elderly and Gerontological Nursing in Japan
    1973 Enactment of the Act for the Welfare of the Aged: The basic framework of approaches for the welfare of the aged was established with the sharp decline of the birth rate as well as increase in the population of the elderly related to improvement in public sanitation after the war
    1973 Establishment of a support system for the medical bills of the elderly: Free medical care for the elderly resulted in soaring medical bills of the elderly
    1982 Enactment of the Health and Medical Service Act for the Aged: The act was aimed at promoting comprehensive countermeasures against healthcare for the elderly as well as realizing a fair share of the necessary expenses from the nation. It went into effect the following year Establishment of the home-visit nursing system
    1987 Revision of the Health and Medical Service Act for the Aged/ Foundation of healthcare facility for the elderly Enactment of Certified Social Workers and Certified Care Workers Act
    1989 Development of a 10-year strategy for promoting the health and welfare of the elderly (Gold Plan)/ Improvement in home-based service/ Deployment of zero-bedridden-elderly strategy Separation of the science for elderly nursing from that for adult nursing within the basic nursing education based on the revision of regulations of the nursing schools for nurses
    1990 Elderly nursing has been newly established by the adult nursing sectional committee of The Japan Society of Nursing established by the Japanese Nursing Association.
    1994 Establishment of the Japanese Society of Caregiving for the Elderly
    1995 Aged Society Basic Act Foundation of The Japan Academy of Gerontological Nursing
    1996 Launch of the certified nurse specialist system by the Japanese Nursing Association
    2000 Formulation of Gold Plan 21 Enforcement of the Long-Term Care Insurance Act
    2001 Addition of Gerontological Nursing to the professional nursing domain of the certified nurse specialist system
    2002 Enactment of the Health Promotion Law
    2005 Revision of the Long-Term Care Insurance Act
    2006 Change of the title and revision from Health and Medical Service Act for the Aged to Act for the Assurance of Medical Care for the Elderly
    2008 Enactment of the Act for the Assurance of Medical Care for the Elderly
(Source: Takasaki, K., Mizutani, N., Mizuno, T., Takayama, S. eds. 2011. Saishin Rounen Kangogaku. Nihon Kangokyoukai Shuppankai, Tokyo.)